Europe 1921: Limits of Soviet Expansion

With their success in Russia, the Bolsheviks had hoped to spread the Revolution across Europe. However, their setbacks in the west, especially against Poland, and large scale popular unrest at home forced them to bring an end to policies of expansion and focus on rebuilding the Soviet economy.

Main Events

? Jan 1921 Makhnovist operations expand across Ukraine and southern Russia

Makhnovist operations expand across Ukraine and southern Russiain wikipedia

19 Feb 1921 Franco-Polish defensive alliance signed.

Franco-Polish defensive alliance wikipedia

2 Mar 1921 Kronstadt Rebellion

Soviet sailors revoltat Kronstadtin wikipedia

16 Mar 1921 Treaty of Moscow

Soviet Russia and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey sign the Treaty of Brotherhood in Moscow, undertaking to establish friendly relations between the two internationally unrecognized countries after both came close to clashing over Armenia and Georgia. The Soviets recognize the Turkish claim to Kars, while the Turks recognize Batum as part of Soviet wikipedia

18 Mar 1921 Peace of Riga

Poland’s victory over the Soviet Union enabled them to annex large areas of what had been Belarus, Ukraine, and wikipedia