Northern Eurasia 1921: “Green” Revolts
On 15 November 1920 the remaining White forces in the west evacuated the Crimea. This marked a new phase in the Russian Civil War as the alliance between the Bolsheviks and the other left wing parties collapsed. Many peasants, sailors, anarchists, and Social Revolutionaries now rose up against Communist oppression.
15 Aug 1920 Antonov’s revolt against Soviet Russia in the Tambov region begins▲
Antonov’s revolt against Soviet Russia in the Tambov region begins
28 Aug–3 Sep 1920 Overthrow of the Emirate of Bukhara▲
Red Army troops from Soviet Russia, led by Mikhail Frunze, attack Bukhara, capital of the Emirate of Bukhara, with the support of Young Bukharan activists. On 31 August, Emir Alim Khan flees to Dushanbe in eastern Bukhara, where a rival Emirate is set up. The Emir’s citadel in Bukhara falls to the Red Army two days later, leading to the proclamation of the Bukharan People’s Soviet Republic the following month.
14 Oct 1920 Soviet Russia recognizes Finnish independence▲
Soviet Russia recognizes Finnish independence
15 Nov 1920 White Russian leader Wrangel flees Crimea▲
White Russian leader Wrangel flees Crimea
29 Nov 1920 Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic▲
The Soviet Eleventh Army invades Armenia, declaring the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic. The Armenian government, currently negotiating peace with Turkey, falls 5 days later when the Red Army reaches Yerevan.
? Dec 1920 Restoration of Kamchatka▲
With the region apparently under stable Bolshevik control, the Far Eastern Republic ceded Kamchatka, Anadyr, and the coast of Okhotsk to Soviet Russia.
? Jan 1921 Peasant Union revolts against Soviet Russia in the Ekaterinburg-Kulunda Steppes and Ob region▲
Peasant Union revolts against Soviet Russia in the Ekaterinburg-Kulunda Steppes and Ob region
? Jan 1921 Makhnovist operations expand across Ukraine and southern Russia▲
Makhnovist operations expand across Ukraine and southern Russia