Europe 1848: Truce of Malmö
In Northern Europe, international pressure persuaded Prussia and Denmark to bring an end to the First Schleswig War and sign the Truce of Malmö. By doing so, Prussia broke with the infuriated German Nationalists in Frankfurt, who were nonetheless forced to follow suit less than a month later. Despite the withdrawal of German forces, Schleswig-Holstein would remain independent for a few more years before Danish rule was finally restored.
29 Jul 1848 Young Irelander Rebellion▲
In July 1848 William Smith O’Brien and his fellow Young Irelanders began traveling across the countryside of southern Ireland, openly rallying for revolution. When a force of 47 policemen were sent to arrest them, they chased them into a farmhouse near the town of Ballingarry, South Tipperary, and a stand-off ensued as the police barricaded themselves in. After an exchange of fire, a second police force arrived, prompting the rebels to scatter and bringing the short-lived rebellion to an end.
9 Aug 1848 Armistice of Vigevano▲
In early August 1848 Austrian Field Marshal Radetzky besieged King Charles Albert of Sardinia in Milan, persuading the king—who was low on munitions—to seek terms. In the face of protests by the local populace, Charles Albert agreed to withdraw from Milan and abandon Lombardy-Venetia to the Austrians in return for peace with Austria and the safe passage of his army. The armistice was formally concluded by the Piedmontese general Carlo Canera di Salasco and the Austrian general von Hess at Vigevano on the 9th.
26 Aug 1848 Truce of Malmö▲
Under pressure from the European Great Powers, the Kingdom of Prussia signed a truce with the Kingdom of Denmark at Malmö, Sweden, in late August 1848. The treaty ended hostilities between the two countries in the First Schleswig War, provided for the withdrawal of military forces from Schleswig and Holstein, and agreed on the formation of a joint government—appointed by Denmark and Prussia—in the two duchies. The Frankfurt National Assembly at first rejected the treaty, but later ratified it (16 September), provoking nationalist riots across Germany that were only suppressed with Prussian and Austrian intervention.