North America 1862: Battle of Shiloh

Political map of North America & the Caribbean on 07 Apr 1862 (American Civil War: Battle of Shiloh), showing the following events: British & French arrive in Mexico; US takes Forts Henry & Donelson; Battle of Hampton Roads; New Mexico Campaign; Peninsula Campaign begins; Battle of Glorieta Pass; Battle of Shiloh.

Moving through Kentucky down the Tennessee River, the US took the fight in the west to the Confederacy. In an attempt to prevent the Union from invading Mississippi, the Confederates launched a surprise attack on advanced columns at Shiloh, only to be beaten back when reinforcements arrived.

Main Events

9 Jan 1862 British & French arrive in Mexico

British and French troops disembarked at Veracruz, wikipedia

6–16 Feb 1862 US takes Forts Henry & Donelson

Union forces under Ulysses S. Grant captured Forts Henry and Donelson, Tennessee, from the wikipedia

8–9 Mar 1862 Battle of Hampton Roads

Union and Confederate ships clashed near Hampton Roads, Virginia, including the first fight between ironclads, the CSS Virginia and the USS Monitor. Although the Virginia was more heavily armed, the Monitor‘s movable turret proved a more efficient wikipedia

13 Mar 1862 New Mexico Campaign

Confederate forces captured Santa Fe, capital of the New Mexico wikipedia

17 Mar 1862 Peninsula Campaign begins

Hoping to move quickly and capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, 121,000 Union troops under General George B. McClellan landed on the Virginia wikipedia

26–28 Mar 1862 Battle of Glorieta Pass

Confederate forces pushed Union forces back through Glorieta Pass, New Mexico, but were forced to withdraw due to supply wikipedia

6–7 Apr 1862 Battle of Shiloh

The loss of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson led the Confederates to retreat back to Corinth, Mississippi, enabling the Union army under Ulysses S. Grant to capture a large area of eastern Tennessee, but also enabling the Confederates to regroup, attacking Grant at Pittsburg Landing. However, in the ensuing Battle of Shiloh, the much larger Union force wikipedia