Northern Africa 420: Battle of the Nervasos Mountains
In late 418 the Western Roman generalissimo Flavius Constantius recalled Wallia’s Goths from Hispaniae and resettled them in Aquitania, where they would become known as the Visigoths. After this the Romans helped the Suebi defeat the Vandals in Gallaecia, but ultimately failed to prevent the Vandals from escaping into the more fertile province of Baetica.
418–419 Visigothic Settlement▲
In late 418 Wallia’s Goths broke off their campaign in Hispaniae and were recalled by Flavius Constantius to Gaul, where they were granted settlements in Aquitania, along the Garonne from Tolosa (Toulouse) to the Atlantic Ocean. Wallia, however, died shortly afterwards, while still in Spain, and was succeeded by Theodoric, said to be the grandson of Alaric. Under their new king, the Goths reached their new homeland by 419, establishing the foundation of what would become the Visigothic Kingdom.
419–420 Battle of the Nervasos Mountains▲
In 419 war broke out in Gallaecia between the Vandals of Gunderic and the Suebi of Hermeric, during which the Vandals successfully trapped a large force of Suebi in the Erbasian or Nervasos Mountains (commonly identified with the Arbas region in the Cantabrian Mountains). Despite this, the Suebi held out until the following year, when pressure from the Roman comes Hispaniarum Asterius forced the Vandals to withdraw. Outnumbered, the Vandals abandoned Gallaecia and headed for the southern—and far richer—province of Baetica.
419? Restoration of Maximus of Hispania▲
After the defeat of the rebel general Gerontius in 411, the Spanish usurper Maximus had taken refuge with the Vandals in Gallaecia. Here he remained in obscurity until sometime after July 419, when he was proclaimed emperor again with Vandal backing, perhaps in response to a Roman threat to Gallaecia.