Northern Africa 276: Probus’ Revolt
Just a year after Aurelian’s assassination in 275, civil war broke out in the Roman Empire when Aurelian’s general Probus challenged the newly appointed emperor Florian. Although Probus was only recognized in a few eastern provinces, and had a much smaller army, he quickly outmaneuvered and deposed Florian to become the sole emperor in September 276.
275? Conquest of Saba’▲
In c. 275 the Himyarite king Yasirum Yuhan’im (r. c. 265–87) invaded and defeated the Kingdom of Saba’, bringing a permanent end to Sabaean independence. From then on, the Himyarite rulers would call themselves “kings of Saba’ and of dhu-Raydan (Himyar)” and would adopt the Saba’ic language for their written documents.
Jun 276 Probus’ Revolt▲
When the eastern legions learned of the death of Tacitus and his succession by Florian in June 276, they proclaimed Marcus Aurelius Probus—their general and a veteran of Aurelian’s restoration wars—as emperor. Probus quickly gained recognition in Syria, Phoenice, Palestina, and Egypt, but lacked both the troop numbers and wider support of his rival Florian.