Asia Pacific 1946: Reclaiming China
During the war in China, the Communists had gradually built up power in the rural areas behind Japanese lines. When the war ended, they vied with the Nationalists to accept Japanese surrenders and gain control of strategic towns, while also infiltrating Soviet-occupied Manchuria. In response, the Nationalists made use of their US allies to airlift troops into important cities in the north.
Following the end of World War II, the Yangtze River was again opened to international trade and patrolled by foreign - in particular US and British - warships. This state of affairs ended in 1949 with the Communist takeover.
25 Oct 1945 Retrocession Day▲
Taiwan was retroceded to China by Japan on 25 Oct 1945.
27 Oct–20 Nov 1945 Battle of Surabaya▲
British forces defeated Indonesian nationalists at Surabaya, Java.
21 Feb 1946–28 Apr 1951 British Commonwealth Occupation Force▲
The British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF), consisting of Australian, British, Indian and New Zealand troops, assists the United States in the occupation of Japan. The BCOF is headquartered at Kure and is responsible for supervising demilitarization and the disposal of Japan’s war industries. From 1947 on, it winds down its presence in Japan, eventually merging with the British Commonwealth Forces Korea after the Korean War breaks out.
28 Feb 1946 Franco-Chinese Agreement▲
France ceded Kwangchowan in return for Nationalist Chinese withdrawal from Indochina.
6 Mar 1946 French land at Haiphong▲
French troops relieved the Nationalist Chinese in northern Indochina.
10 Mar–3 May 1946 Soviet Union withdraws from Manchuria▲
Soviet Union withdraws from Manchuria