Northern Africa 1911: Agadir Crisis

Political map of Northern Africa on 01 Jul 1911 (Scramble for Africa: Agadir Crisis), showing the following events: Cession of Lado Enclave; Agadir Crisis begins; Agadir Crisis.

In 1911 France sent troops to suppress a rebellion in Morocco. Germany promptly claimed the 1906 Algeciras Agreement had been violated and sent a gunboat to the Moroccan port of Agadir. However, France was backed by the Russians (their allies) and the British (who were alarmed by Germany's growing naval power). In the end Germany backed down, accepting French control of Morocco in return for gains in equatorial Africa.

Main Events

10 Jun 1910 Cession of Lado Enclave

Following the death of King Leopold II of Belgium in 1909, the Belgian Congo relinquished its control over the Lado Enclave and restored the territory to British rule in accordance with the Anglo-Belgian Congolese Treaty of 1894. The district officially became a province of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, with Captain Chauncey Hugh Stigand appointed administrator. In the aftermath of the cession, the Sudan–Uganda border would be altered for administrative purposes, leading to the integration of part of the former Lado Enclave into wikipedia

21 May 1911 Agadir Crisis begins

In 1911 a rebellion erupted in Morocco and by early April the rebels were besieging Sultan Abdelhafid in his palace in Fez. In response, France dispatched a flying column to protect European lives and property; in May French troops entered Fez and relieved the siege. However Germany loudly denounced the French moves, accusing France of violating the Algeciras wikipedia

1 Jul 1911 Agadir Crisis

In response to the 1911 French intervention in Morocco, Germany sent the gunboat SMS Panther to the Moroccan port of Agadir, where it arrived on 1 July. A larger German cruiser, SMS Berlin, followed days later, replacing the gunboat. Britain sided with France and sent battleships to Morocco, but the crisis would begin to be defused from 7 July, when Germany notified France that it would accept territorial compensation in the Congo wikipedia