Eastern Mediterranean 48 AD: Paul’s Missionary Journeys
Between 47 and 56 AD the Christian convert Paul the Apostle traveled around the Eastern Mediterranean, establishing churches and spreading his faith to gentiles (non-Jews). Although Paul would eventually fall foul of the authorities and be executed in Rome, his missionary journeys played an important part in the rapid spread of Christianity throughout the Roman world.
46–48 AD Jacob and Simon Uprising▲
In 44 AD Herod Agrippa died and Claudius annexed his Kingdom of Judea to Rome, further inciting the burgeoning Zealot movement, which had grown popular among the Jews during Caligula’s antagonist reign. In 46 the Zealots rallied under Jacob and Simon—sons of Zealot founder Judas of Galilee—and began an insurgency. After two years of fighting, the two were caught and executed by the Roman authorities, hampering the movement.
47–66 AD Paul’s Missionary Journeys▲
In the 30s AD Saul of Tarsus—a Jew and Roman citizen who would become famous as Paul the Apostle—converted to Christianity and began spreading his faith to gentiles (non-Jews). Between 47 and 56 AD he traveled to Antioch, Cyprus, Pamphylia, Galatia, Cilicia, Asia Minor, Macedonia, and Achaia, establishing several churches along the way. In 59, after being denounced in Judea, he was sent to Rome—by now already home to a significant Christian community—where he was eventually trialed and beheaded (c.66 AD).